ROE & Quant Signals in Focus For The Keg Royalties Income Fund (TSX:KEG.UN), Flotek Industries, Inc. (NYSE:FTK)

Placing The Keg Royalties Income Fund (TSX:KEG.UN) shares under the microscope we note that the firm has a current Return on Equity of 0.264127.  Simply put, this ratio determines how well the firm uses investment funds to generate profit.  This ratio is often considered “the mother of all ratios” as it often reveals how well a company is operating.

Typically bull markets are times when investors may be willing to be a bit more speculative with stock selection. Managing risk is generally at the forefront of many strategies. Investors trying to shift the odds in their favor may be searching for the perfect balance and diversification to help mitigate the risk and enjoy healthier profits. With so many different stocks to choose from, it may take a while to zoom in or a particular set. Investors will also be watching the next wave of economic data to get a better sense of how the overall economy is fairing. With so much noise in the markets, it may be necessary to narrow the gaze in order to set the table for success. Investors may be on the lookout for the major catalyst that either keeps the bulls charging into the second half the year, or wakes up the sleeping bears.

In additiona to ROE, investors might also take into consideration some other ratios.  One of the most popular ratios is the “Return on Assets” (aka ROA).  This score indicates how profitable a company is relative to its total assets.  The Return on Assets for The Keg Royalties Income Fund (TSX:KEG.UN) is 0.105806.  This number is calculated by dividing net income after tax by the company’s total assets.  A company that manages their assets well will have a higher return, while a company that manages their assets poorly will have a lower return.

The Return on Invested Capital (aka ROIC) for The Keg Royalties Income Fund (TSX:KEG.UN) is 0.494541.  The Return on Invested Capital is a ratio that determines whether a company is profitable or not.  It tells investors how well a company is turning their capital into profits.  The ROIC is calculated by dividing the net operating profit (or EBIT) by the employed capital.  The employed capital is calculated by subrating current liabilities from total assets.  Similarly, the Return on Invested Capital Quality ratio is a tool in evaluating the quality of a company’s ROIC over the course of five years.  The ROIC Quality of The Keg Royalties Income Fund (TSX:KEG.UN) is .  This is calculated by dividing the five year average ROIC by the Standard Deviation of the 5 year ROIC.  The ROIC 5 year average is calculated using the five year average EBIT, five year average (net working capital and net fixed assets).  The ROIC 5 year average of The Keg Royalties Income Fund (TSX:KEG.UN) is 0.441244.

After a recent scan, we can see that The Keg Royalties Income Fund (TSX:KEG.UN) has a Shareholder Yield of 0.070150 and a Shareholder Yield (Mebane Faber) of 0.07004. The first value is calculated by adding the dividend yield to the percentage of repurchased shares. The second value adds in the net debt repaid yield to the calculation. Shareholder yield has the ability to show how much money the firm is giving back to shareholders via a few different avenues. Companies may issue new shares and buy back their own shares. This may occur at the same time. Investors may also use shareholder yield to gauge a baseline rate of return.

Quant Scores

Checking in on some valuation rankings, The Keg Royalties Income Fund (TSX:KEG.UN) has a Value Composite score of 41. Developed by James O’Shaughnessy, the VC score uses five valuation ratios. These ratios are price to earnings, price to cash flow, EBITDA to EV, price to book value, and price to sales. The VC is displayed as a number between 1 and 100. In general, a company with a score closer to 0 would be seen as undervalued, and a score closer to 100 would indicate an overvalued company. Adding a sixth ratio, shareholder yield, we can view the Value Composite 2 score which is currently sitting at 31.

Investors may be interested in viewing the Gross Margin score on shares of The Keg Royalties Income Fund (TSX:KEG.UN). The name currently has a score of 5.00000. This score is derived from the Gross Margin (Marx) stability and growth over the previous eight years. The Gross Margin score lands on a scale from 1 to 100 where a score of 1 would be considered positive, and a score of 100 would be seen as negative.

The Keg Royalties Income Fund (TSX:KEG.UN) has a current MF Rank of 606. Developed by hedge fund manager Joel Greenblatt, the intention of the formula is to spot high quality companies that are trading at an attractive price. The formula uses ROIC and earnings yield ratios to find quality, undervalued stocks. In general, companies with the lowest combined rank may be the higher quality picks.

The Keg Royalties Income Fund (TSX:KEG.UN) has a current ERP5 Rank of 1035. The ERP5 Rank may assist investors with spotting companies that are undervalued. This ranking uses four ratios. These ratios are Earnings Yield, ROIC, Price to Book, and 5 year average ROIC. When looking at the ERP5 ranking, it is generally considered the lower the value, the better.

Price Index & Volatility

Stock volatility is a percentage that indicates whether a stock is a desirable purchase.  Investors look at the Volatility 12m to determine if a company has a low volatility percentage or not over the course of a year.  The Volatility 12m of The Keg Royalties Income Fund (TSX:KEG.UN) is 19.063300.  This is calculated by taking weekly log normal returns and standard deviation of the share price over one year annualized.  The lower the number, a company is thought to have low volatility.  The Volatility 3m is a similar percentage determined by the daily log normal returns and standard deviation of the share price over 3 months.  The Volatility 3m of The Keg Royalties Income Fund (TSX:KEG.UN) is 20.565900.  The Volatility 6m is the same, except measured over the course of six months.  The Volatility 6m is 17.885800.

With equity investing, there will constantly be worries and fears. The volatility in the market that accompanies these fears may trick investors into thinking the next bear market is on the doorstep. During a market-wide sell off, many stocks may experience the pain. Over time, many may gain back the ground they lost and return to previous levels. The biggest names may be the ones to recoup the losses the quickest. However, many investors might get stuck waiting for a rebound that just isn’t going to happen. Having the flexibility to adapt to market conditions may help repair a damaged portfolio. Sometimes a readjustment may be needed in order to regain some confidence. As the next round of earnings reports start to come in, investors will be keeping a close watch to see which companies produce the largest surprises, both positive and negative.

We can now take a quick look at some historical stock price index data. The Keg Royalties Income Fund (TSX:KEG.UN) presently has a 10 month price index of 0.96101. The price index is calculated by dividing the current share price by the share price ten months ago. A ratio over one indicates an increase in share price over the period. A ratio lower than one shows that the price has decreased over that time period. Looking at some alternate time periods, the 12 month price index is 0.90391, the 24 month is 0.92503, and the 36 month is 1.26801. Narrowing in a bit closer, the 5 month price index is 0.98334, the 3 month is 0.98604, and the 1 month is currently 1.05561.

In reviewing some key ratios and quant data for Flotek Industries, Inc. (NYSE:FTK), we note that the mother of all ratios (Return on Equity) stands at -0.453227 for the firm.  ROE reveals what percentage of each investment dollar is returned as a profit.  Used in conjunction with a variety of other ratios, this indicator is a very important tool for investors in determining the effectiveness of a company to generate returns for investors.

Some investors may be looking to trade the trend and capitalize on strong current performers. Other investors may look to take a contrarian approach. This can involve looking for names that have been overlooked by the crowd. There are many different contrarian approaches that investors may choose to use. Going against the crowd may require a lot more homework and confidence. There may be hidden gems out there, but is may be wise to investigate why nobody else seems to want to get into the name. Finding that perfect strategy may take a lot of study and dedication. Taking shortcuts in the market can have severe negative effects on the long-term health of the portfolio. 

Further, we can look at some other ratios and financial indicators in order to get an idea of the company’s valuation.  Flotek Industries, Inc. (NYSE:FTK) presently has a current ratio of 1.64. The current ratio, also known as the working capital ratio, is a liquidity ratio that displays the proportion of current assets of a business relative to the current liabilities. The ratio is simply calculated by dividing current liabilities by current assets. The ratio may be used to provide an idea of the ability of a certain company to pay back its liabilities with assets. Typically, the higher the current ratio the better, as the company may be more capable of paying back its obligations.

The FCF Yield 5yr Average is calculated by taking the five year average free cash flow of a company, and dividing it by the current enterprise value.  Enterprise Value is calculated by taking the market capitalization plus debt, minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents.  The average FCF of a company is determined by looking at the cash generated by operations of the company.  The Free Cash Flow Yield 5 Year Average of Flotek Industries, Inc. (NYSE:FTK) is 0.070920. 

One of the most popular ratios is the “Return on Assets” (aka ROA).  This score indicates how profitable a company is relative to its total assets.  The Return on Assets for Flotek Industries, Inc. (NYSE:FTK) is -0.249866.  This number is calculated by dividing net income after tax by the company’s total assets.  A company that manages their assets well will have a higher return, while a company that manages their assets poorly will have a lower return.

The M-Score, conceived by accounting professor Messod Beneish, is a model for detecting whether a company has manipulated their earnings numbers or not. Flotek Industries, Inc. (NYSE:FTK) has an M-Score of -3.918472.  The M-Score is based on 8 different variables: Days’ sales in receivables index, Gross Margin Index, Asset Quality Index, Sales Growth Index, Depreciation Index, Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index, Leverage Index and Total Accruals to Total Assets.  A score higher than -1.78 is an indicator that the company might be manipulating their numbers.

The Value Composite One (VC1) is a method that investors use to determine a company’s value.  The VC1 of Flotek Industries, Inc. (NYSE:FTK) is 58.  A company with a value of 0 is thought to be an undervalued company, while a company with a value of 100 is considered an overvalued company.  The VC1 is calculated using the price to book value, price to sales, EBITDA to EV, price to cash flow, and price to earnings.  Similarly, the Value Composite Two (VC2) is calculated with the same ratios, but adds the Shareholder Yield.  The Value Composite Two of Flotek Industries, Inc. (NYSE:FTK) is 54.

The MF Rank (aka the Magic Formula) is a formula that pinpoints a valuable company trading at a good price.  The formula is calculated by looking at companies that have a high earnings yield as well as a high return on invested capital.  The MF Rank of Flotek Industries, Inc. (NYSE:FTK) is 14295.  A company with a low rank is considered a good company to invest in.  The Magic Formula was introduced in a book written by Joel Greenblatt, entitled, “The Little Book that Beats the Market”.

The Earnings to Price yield of Flotek Industries, Inc. NYSE:FTK is -0.613459.  This is calculated by taking the earnings per share and dividing it by the last closing share price.  This is one of the most popular methods investors use to evaluate a company’s financial performance.  Earnings Yield is calculated by taking the operating income or earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) and dividing it by the Enterprise Value of the company.  The Earnings Yield for Flotek Industries, Inc. NYSE:FTK is -0.087799.  Earnings Yield helps investors measure the return on investment for a given company.  Similarly, the Earnings Yield Five Year Average is the five year average operating income or EBIT divided by the current enterprise value.  The Earnings Yield Five Year average for Flotek Industries, Inc. (NYSE:FTK) is 0.123238.

Price Index

The Price Index is a ratio that indicates the return of a share price over a past period. The price index of Flotek Industries, Inc. (NYSE:FTK) for last month was 2.15517. This is calculated by taking the current share price and dividing by the share price one month ago. If the ratio is greater than 1, then that means there has been an increase in price over the month. If the ratio is less than 1, then we can determine that there has been a decrease in price. Similarly, investors look up the share price over 12 month periods. The Price Index 12m for Flotek Industries, Inc. (NYSE:FTK) is 0.44326.

Price Range 52 Weeks

Some of the best financial predictions are formed by using a variety of financial tools. The Price Range 52 Weeks is one of the tools that investors use to determine the lowest and highest price at which a stock has traded in the previous 52 weeks. The Price Range of Flotek Industries, Inc. (NYSE:FTK) over the past 52 weeks is 0.377000. The 52-week range can be found in the stock’s quote summary.

Traders are often looking for any little advantage that they can get when attempting to grab profits in the stock market. Traders might be closely watching insider buying and selling as well as what the successful fund managers are doing. Following the smart money can help investors get a grasp on the bigger picture of what is going on with certain equities. There is no shortage of information that the individual trader can get their hands on. Figuring out how to best put that information to work is an important part of any trading plan. With so much data to track, traders may need to decide which information they will use when making the big investing decisions. Pinpointing the next great trade could be just around the corner, but it may take some hard work and enhanced focus.